Abstract views: 128 / PDF downloads: 65


  • Abdiwahab Abdullahi Omar Zamzam University of Science and Technology
  • Abdisalam Mohamed Abdullahi Zamzam University of Science and Technology
  • Abdirahman Liban Mohamed Zamzam University of Science and Technology
  • Abdisalam Ahmed Ali Zamzam University of Science and Technology
  • Abdirahim Farah Omar Zamzam University of Science and Technology
  • Abdullahi Ali Habarwa Zamzam University of Science and Technology
  • Abdiwahab Mohamed Ali Zamzam University of Science and Technology
  • Abdinor Baryare Osman Zamzam University of Science and Technology
  • Ali Said Elmi Zamzam University of Science and Technology



Growing Media, Lettuce, Growth and Yield, Peat moss, Sawdust, Rice husk


The experiment was carried out at the Zamzam University of Science and Technology's Faculty of Agriculture's Agricultural Experimental and Research Center, which is situated in the Garasbaaleey area, which is officially part of the Banadir Region. From March 2022 to May 2022, the experiment was conducted. The aim of the study was to assess the performance of different growth substrates with the lettuce seed variety known as "Optima,” in a pot-growing system. Where M1 was peat moss, M2 was rice husk, M3 was sawdust, and M4 was a mixture of peat moss, rice husk, and sawdust. In the experiment, data on plant height, number of leaves per plant, leaf length, leaf breadth, root length, and fresh weight per plant were collected. According to the results, plants grown in peat moss produced with the greatest plant height, leaf width, and fresh weight per plant, while the mixture (peat, rice husk, and sawdust) produced the longest roots. Therefore the study demonstrated that lettuce (Optima) variety may be grown in an aggregate soilless system in the tropics, such as Somalia, using peat moss-based growing surfaces. The mixture can be utilized as a growing substrate for a pot-growing system in the absence of peat moss.


Cometti, N. N., Bremenkamp, D. M., Galon, K., Hell, L. R., & Zanotelli, M. F. (2013). Cooling and concentration of nutrient solution in hydroponic lettuce crop. Hortic. Bras, 31, 287–292.

Douglass, F. J., Thomas D., L., & Tara, L. (2009). Nursery manual for native plants: A guide for tribal nurseries.

Kaiser, C., & Ernst, M. (2012). Hydroponic Lettuce. Center for Crop Diversification, University of Kentucky College of Agriculture, Food and Environment, 1–4.

Kang, J. H., KrishnaKumar, S., A., S., S. L., Jeong, B. R., & & Hwang, S. J. (2013). Light intensity and photoperiod influence the growth and development of hydroponically grown leaf lettuce in a closed-type plant factory system. Horticulture, Environment, and Biotechnology, 54(6), 501–509.

Michael, R., & Lieth, J. H. (2008). Soilless culture: Theory and Practice. (1st ed).

Mohamed, A. A. (2004). Horticultural Study in Lower and Middle Shabelle Regions of Somalia.

Qadeer, A., Butt, S. J., Asam, H. M., Mehmood, T., Nawaz, M. K., & Haidree, S. R. (2020). 47 Hydroponics as an innovative technique for lettuce production in greenhouse environment. Pure Appl, 9, 20–26.

Rahman, J., Ahasan Chawdhery, R., Begum, P., Quamruzzaman, M., Zannat Zakia, M., & Raihan, A. (2019). Growth and Yield of Hydroponic Lettuce as Influenced by Different Growing Substrates. Azarian Journal of Agriculture, 6(1), 215–220.

Rahman, M. J. Inden, H. (2012). Antioxidant content and quality of fruits as affected by nigari, an effluent of salt industries, and fruit ages of sweet pepper (Capsicum annuum L.). Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 4(10), 105.

Rahman, M.J. Quamruzzaman, M., Ali, M., Ahmed, M., & S. Chawdhery, M.R.A. Sarkar, M. D. (2017). The effects of irrigation timing on growth, yield, and physiological traits of hydroponic lettuce. Azarian Journal of Agriculture, 4, 193–199.

Resh, H. M. (1991). Hydroponic Food Production. Woodbridge Press Pub. Com.

Sapkota, S., Sapkota, S., & Liu, Z. (2019). Effects of nutrient composition and lettuce cultivar on crop production in hydroponic culture. Horticulturae, 5(72).

Sarkar, D., Rahman, J., & Uddain, J. (2021). Nutritional Content of Red Leaf Lettuce ( Lactuca sativa L .) Grown in Organic Substrates. Plants, 10(1220). plants10061220.

Savvas, D. (2002). Hydroponic Production of Vegetables and Ornamentals. Embryo Publication.

Savvas, D. (2003). Hydroponics: A modern technology supporting the application of integrated crop management in greenhouse. Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment, 1, 80–86.

Savvas, D., Gianquinto, G., Tüzel, Y., & and Gruda, N. (2013). Soilless culture. In Good Agricultural Practices for Greenhouse Vegetable Crops. In FAO Plant Production and Protection Paper 217.




How to Cite

Omar, A. A., Abdullahi, A. M., Mohamed, A. L., Ali, A. A., Omar, A. F., Habarwa, A. A., Ali, A. M., Osman, A. B., & Elmi, A. S. (2023). THE EFFECT OF DIFFERENT GROWING MEDIA ON THE GROWTH OF LETTUCE. Daha International University Academic Journal (DIUAJ), 2(2), 72–80.